or translated as "self-reliance", is the official state ideology of North Korea, described by the government as Kim Il-sung's "original, brilliant and revolutionary contribution to national and international thought".
Consequently, Juche was adopted into a set of principles that the North Korean government has used to justify its policy decisions from the 1950s onwards.
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The speech had been delivered to promote a political purge similar to the earlier Yan'an Rectification Movement in China.
"To make revolution in Korea we must know Korean history and geography as well as the customs of the Korean people.
"The Juche idea is a revolutionary theory which occupies the highest stage of development of the revolutionary ideology of the working class," Kim Jong-il said, further stating that the originality and superiority of the Juche idea defined and strengthened Korean socialism.
The word migrated to the Korean language at around the turn of the century and retained this meaning.
The first documented reference to Juche as an ideology appeared in 1955, in a speech given by Kim Il Sung entitled "On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work".
In our socialist society, the leader, the Party, and the masses throw in their lot with one another, forming a single socio-political organism.
The consolidation of blood relations between the leader, the Party and the masses is guaranteed by the single ideology and united leadership.