In 1892, the Under Secretary of Public Land proclaimed Toowoomba and the surrounding areas as a township and in 1904 Toowoomba was declared a city.
Pastoralism replaced agriculture and dairying by the 1900s.
Unlike most of inland Queensland, summer temperatures above 35 °C (95 °F) are uncommon, whilst winter days rarely warm above 20 °C (68 °F).
Winter nights seldom drop below freezing; however, in a situation unique among Queensland cities, snow has been reported on the higher parts of the city on several occasions.
Toowoomba is situated on the crest of the Great Dividing Range, around 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level.
A few streets are on the eastern side of the edge of the range, but most of the city is west of the divide.
Around midday, an intense storm moved in from the northeast, Toowoomba's history has been preserved in its buildings.Land for the town was first surveyed in 1849, then again in 1853.Towards the end of the 1840s Drayton had grown to the point where it had its own newspaper, general store, trading post and the Royal Bull's Head Inn, which was built by William Horton and still stands today.The water flowing down Gowrie Creek makes its way some 3,000 km (1,900 mi) to the mouth of the Murray River near Adelaide in South Australia.Rain which falls on the easternmost streets of Toowoomba flows east to Moreton Bay a distance of around 170 km (110 mi).