Top to bottom, left to right: Downtown Dallas skyline, Old Red Museum, North Park Center, Dallas City Hall, Dallas Museum of Art, Winspear Opera House, Perot Museum of Nature and Science, State Fair of Texas at Fair Park, Dallas Union Station, the Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden, and the American Airlines Center) is a city in the U. The United States Census Bureau's estimate for the city's population increased to 1,317,929 as of July 1, 2016. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton, cattle, and later oil in North and East Texas.
It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, which is the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States. According to the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 1,197,816.
John Neely Bryan established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841. The general consensus is that the city was named for Sen. The Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year.
Although some of Dallas' architecture dates from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, most of the notable architecture in the city is from the modernist and postmodernist eras. Several smaller structures are fashioned in the Gothic Revival style, such as the Kirby Building, and the neoclassical style, as seen in the Davis and Wilson Buildings.
The upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. After hours of negotiation failed, police resorted to a robot-delivered bomb, killing Johnson inside El Centro College.
On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states. The shooting occurred in an area of hotels, restaurants, businesses, and residential apartments only a few blocks away from Dealey Plaza. Portions of the city extend into neighboring Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.
Today, most of the area's northern residents are Hispanic.
The ghost town of La Reunion once occupied the northern tip of Oak Cliff.