; from palo, literally "stick", colloquially "tree", and alto "tall"; meaning: "tall tree") is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States. when he founded Stanford University, following the death of his son, Leland Stanford Jr.The city includes portions of Stanford University and is headquarters to a number of high-technology companies, including Hewlett-Packard (HP), Space Systems/Loral, VMware, Tesla Motors, Ford Research and Innovation Center, PARC, IDEO, Skype, Palantir Technologies, and Houzz.In 1863, it was whittled down in the courts to 6,981 acres (28.25 km Their hacienda hosted fiestas and bull fights.It was ruined in the 1906 earthquake and its lumber was used to build a large barn nearby, which was said to have lingered until the early 1950s.The grant was bounded on the south by Mariano Castro's Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas grant across San Antonio Road.This later became the Robles Rancho, which constitutes about 80% of Palo Alto and Stanford University today.
The name of Mayfield was later attached the community that started nearby.
It is named after a coast redwood tree called El Palo Alto.
As of the 2010 census, the city's total resident population is 64,403.
On September 23, 1856, the Crosby land was transferred to Sarah Wallis to satisfy a debt he owed her.
Part of an 1890 map of northern Santa Clara county including all or part of the towns of University Park, Palo Alto (now College Terrace in Palo Alto), Mayfield.