Remember, it can take up to six months on treatment to become undetectable.
Protected sex means using a male or female condom during sex if you or your partner have a detectable viral load.
If you’re on effective treatment and have an undetectable viral load you cannot pass on HIV.
This means that you still have HIV, but that it’s below levels laboratory equipment can detect it at, and that you cannot pass it on.
The risk from performing oral sex on an HIV negative partner is even lower.
If you're worried about oral sex, using a condom or latex barrier is an option, but if your viral load is undetectable there is no risk. Masturbating someone carries no risk if there are no burns, cuts or rashes on the skin of the fingers or hands of the HIV negative person which then come into contact with HIV-infected sexual fluids.
Finding out that you have HIV may affect your current and future relationships, but it doesn’t have to mean an end to relationships with HIV negative partners.
Relationships where one person is HIV positive and the other is HIV negative are sometimes called ‘serodiscordant’.