They discovered a 13-mm tear in an artery within the Iceman's torso.Otzi appears to have suffered massive bleeding as a result of the tear, which eventually killed him.Otzi's stable isotopic signature suggests that he was probably born near the confluence of the Eisack and Rienz rivers of Italy, near where the town of Brixen is today, but that as an adult, he lived in the lower Vinschgau valley, not far from where he was eventually found.The Iceman's stomach held cultivated wheat, possibly consumed as bread; game meat, and dried sloe plums.Blood traces on the stone arrow points he carried with him are from four different people, suggesting he had participated in a fight for his life.Further analysis of the contents of his stomach and intestines have allowed researchers to describe his last two to three days as both hectic and violent.Some have argued that tattooing may have been some sort of acupuncture.The Iceman carried a range of tools, weapons, and containers.
The results were obtained by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) at 3 different laboratories (Vienna, Austria; Uppsala, Sweden; Gif-sur-Yvette, France) between 19.
For a 2nd sample complex, we studied logs from the beginning of salt mining in the world's oldest salt mines at Hallstatt in Upper Austria.
(super 14) C AMS measurements were performed in Vienna on spruce samples found in the prehistoric mines and from a log-house on the surface.
He wore a bearskin cap, outer cape, and coat made of woven grass and moccasin-type shoes made from deer and bear leather.
He stuffed those shoes with moss and grasses, no doubt for insulation and comfort.