The BRA subsequently re-evaluated its approach to urban renewal in its future projects, including the construction of Government Center.
In 1965, the Columbia Point Health Center opened in the Dorchester neighborhood, the first Community Health Center in the United States.
By the 1970s, the city's economy had recovered after 30 years of economic downturn.
A large number of high rises were constructed in the Financial District and in Boston's Back Bay during this time period.
The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture.
A network of small rivers bordering the city and connecting it to the surrounding region facilitated shipment of goods and led to a proliferation of mills and factories.
Irish and Italian immigrants brought with them Roman Catholicism.
Currently, Catholics make up Boston's largest religious community, The largest reclamation efforts took place during the 19th century; beginning in 1807, the crown of Beacon Hill was used to fill in a 50-acre (20 ha) mill pond that later became the Haymarket Square area.
By the end of the 19th century, Boston's core neighborhoods had become enclaves of ethnically distinct immigrants.
Italians inhabited the North End, Irish dominated South Boston and Charlestown, and Russian Jews lived in the West End.