In addition, during “hard” economic times, nationally, domestic violence resources are often cut and can impact the likelihood that survivors of any economic class can access safety. Many people are stressed and do not choose to abuse.
Many people have low self esteem and do not choose to abuse.
This is the substance of studies that found women are more violent than or as violent as men.
Furthermore, other studies consistently find that no matter what the rate of violence or who initiates the violence, women are 7 to 10 times more likely to be injured in acts of intimate partner violence than men are.
*World Health Organization, Global and regional estimates of violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence, (2013); **Catalano, Shannan. An individual’s size, strength, politics or personality does not determine whether she or he could be abused or an abuser. and the National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline (2008); CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (February 2008); and Silverman et al. Not all abusers drink and not all people who drink are abusive. See What Causes Relationship Abuse for more information.
In low income groups, there is often decreased access to resources which can be a barrier to leaving an abusive relationship.These concerns are very real and must be addressed with safety planning.Please see Barriers to Leaving for more information.Across the world, different cultures may have different responses to domestic violence, and some may hold abusers more accountable than others.Perpetrators need to be held accountable in every culture with equality (e.g.