Spanish cinema as a whole is impossible to separate from Spanish history and politics.
The country was torn apart by a bloody civil war, and then ruled over by Francisco Franco, a semi-fascist dictator, for decades.
Unable to fully express themselves, artists shrouded social criticism in metaphor and symbolism to slip past the censors, as in Carlos Saura’s succumbed to drugs or AIDS.
It was during this time that Pedro Almodóvar began his career, celebrating the people who were marginalized and unable to be themselves under the authoritarian regime, and speaking to an audience which wanted to forget the past.
They may have raised a child alone or lost a child.
They want to know everything about you – your favourite food, your bucket list, your secret fears... Browns and greens are my favourite colours.’ They find real-life reference points: songs you can listen to, colours you can see and films you can watch.
They then come up with very similar responses, only slightly different. to test their control and have something to use against you.
Creativity was kept under the thumb of Franco’s culture ministries, and open disapproval of the regime was impossible.
Several prominent filmmakers fled the country, and those who stayed or grew up with this cultural repression were under strict government censorship.