The Diomede Islands (one controlled by Russia, the other by the United States) are just under two miles (three kilometers) apart, and Kunashir Island (controlled by Russia but claimed by Japan) is about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Hokkaido.
Formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources.
The Russian Federation emerged as a great power in the early twenty-first century, also considered to be an energy superpower.
The country is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters, and is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
The Russian Federation stretches across much of the north of the supercontinent of Eurasia.
Because of its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity.