; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
It is the most populous city in India with an estimated city population of 18.4 million.
Michael's Church at Mahim (1534), The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort.
The English were in constant struggle with the Portuguese vying for hegemony over Bombay, as they recognised its strategic natural harbour and its natural isolation from land-attacks.
Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, Other variations recorded in the 16th and the 17th centuries include: Mombayn (1525), Bombay (1538), Bombain (1552), Bombaym (1552), Monbaym (1554), Mombaim (1563), Mombaym (1644), Bambaye (1666), Bombaiim (1666), Bombeye (1676), Boon Bay (1690), The French traveller Louis Rousselet who visited in 18 tells us in his book L’Inde des Rajahs (Pub.
Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State.
In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.
Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development.
During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement.